A bird like the Whip-poor-will is a true night bird – feeding, and mating, and nesting in the dark. But for about a week each spring, male Yellow-breasted Chats also sing in the darkness as they call out to the arriving females — their potential mates. There are other night singers, too!
Written by Bob Sundstrom
This is BirdNote.
[Night sounds, such as crickets and a Great Horned Owl]
After dark, when most birds are asleep, a few break into song. Like this Whip-poor-will. [Whip-poor-will song] The Whip-poor-will is a true night bird – feeding, mating, and nesting in the dark. [Whip-poor-will song]
But a few songbirds that are active during the day also sing at night.
In North America, for about a week each spring, the Yellow-breasted Chat sings in the darkness. [Yellow-breasted Chat song] Chats are mainly active during the day, but they migrate at night. So when most other birds are silent, the chat has the sound-stage largely to itself. That means a singing male has better odds of catching the ear of a mate. Chats also sing shorter and lower-pitched songs at night, with longer gaps between them. It’s a pattern that carries well over long distances.
Once all the females have arrived for the season, the male chats go quiet at night. But not the Whip-poor-will. [Whip-poor-will song]
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I’m Michael Stein.
Producer: John Kessler
Managing Producer: Jason Saul
Editor: Ashley Ahearn
Associate Producer: Ellen Blackstone
Assistant Producer: Mark Bramhill
Narrator: Michael Stein
Bird sounds provided by The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY. Great Horned Owl recorded by W.R. Fish. Whip-poor-will and Yellow-breasted Chat recorded by G.A. Keller.
© 2014 Tune In to Nature.org July 2016/2019 / August 2022 Narrator: Michael Stein
ID# song-05-2008-07-24 song-05c
Research cited: Canterbury, Jacqueline Lee. Songs of the Wild: Temporal and Geographical Distinctions in the Acoustic Properties of the Songs of the Yellow-Breasted Chat. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Nebraska, November, 2007.