Parrots have strong, hooked beaks that are great for cracking tough seeds. Their feet allow them to climb and to hold on to objects, like food. Parrots are known for their legendary intelligence and ability to talk. And they come in almost every color of the rainbow! This Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot is native to New Britain and New Guinea.
A World of Parrots
Written by Bob Sundstrom
This is BirdNote.
[Sulphur-crested Cockatoo calls, https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/234725, 0.05-.07]
This Sulfur-crested Cockatoo is one of more than 350 species of parrots spread out mostly across the warm places of the world. Parrots, including this cockatoo, have strong, hooked beaks that are great for cracking even the toughest seeds. They also have an unusual foot structure—two toes forward and two toes back—which allows them to climb and to hold on to objects, like food.
And parrots are known for their legendary intelligence and ability to talk.
[Irene Pepperberg and Alex the African Grey Parrot]
These colorful birds range from extra small to extra large. The budgie, or pet store parakeet, is a little bird. But even the budgie dwarfs the smallest of parrots: the 3-inch-long Buff-faced Pygmy-Parrot. It’s smaller than most hummingbirds! On the other end of the scale, some macaws can measure three-and-a-half-feet long from their beak to the tip of their tail.
[Scarlet Macaw call]
And the Kakapo of New Zealand may weigh in at almost nine pounds.
Unfortunately, illegal pet sales and habitat loss are threatening more than one third of the parrot species alive today. You can learn more about what people are doing to help, at BirdNote.org.
I’m Michael Stein.
Producer: John Kessler
Executive Producer: Sallie Bodie
Editor: Ashley Ahearn
Associate Producer: Ellen Blackstone
Assistant Producer: Mark Bramhill
Narrator: Michael Stein
Bird sounds provided by The Macaulay Library of Natural Sounds at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Sulphur-crested Cockatoo recorded by V Powys. Scarlet Macaw recorded by L.F. Kibler and T.A. Parker III.
BirdNote’s theme was composed and played by Nancy Rumbel and John Kessler.
© 2019 BirdNote October 2019 / 2021
ID# parrot-01-2019-10-24 parrot-01
Re: psittacofulvin pigments, synthetic pigments known only from parrots.